Hallux varus is a medical disorder, where the big toe is disfigured, and faces away from the other toes. It is usually caused by either a foot injury, or a congenital defect. It is also possible as a result of bunion surgery complications. Hallux varus can cause minor swelling and soreness. Those who are affected, will have difficulty wearing normal shoes, and will experience more pain when walking.
What Causes Hallux Varus?
With the elderly, hallux varus is often caused by rheumatoid arthritis, or by other chronic conditions. However, with younger children or infants, a congenital defect of the abductor hallucis or the bone is the most likely cause.
Hallux Varus Treatment
Like many foot conditions, the type of treatment that you need will be determined by how severe the symptoms are. Your podiatrist will want to look at how misaligned your big toe is, and other factors. The reality is that surgery is usually the best option.
Your podiatrist will take an X-ray to determine the amount of damage that is done to your big toe.
Other options include:
- Stretching - Stretching exercises can also help. Your podiatrist can explain what exercises are the best for hallux varus.
- Splints - Splints are often use to stabilize the toe and to keep the condition from getting worse.
- Surgery - When surgery is required, usually parts of your damage bone will be repositioned, together with realignment of the cartilage tissue. It's also possible for some surgeons to manipulate your big toe back into its correct place.
The reason surgery is suggested in most cases, is because the procedure is very effective, returning the foot to a more normal position.